Like other's holiday article, I'll find some article from internet and share with you. Today I found the article title 'Diseases that Target Older Cats'. Just read yourself
Excessive thirst and urination
Loss of weight due to the body's inability to handle glucose
Loss of appetite
Poor skin and coat condition
breathing abnormalities< Dehydration Treatment and Management Diet and Weight Control A diet high in fiber and complex carbohydrates is recommended for obese diabetic cats, not only for the purpose of weight reduction, but to help control blood glucose levels. Your veterinarian can recommend the best form of diet for your cat, taking into consideration any other physical problems. Insulin by injection
Ideally, your veterinarian will conduct and 18-24 hour blood glucose profile to determine the amount and frequency of insulin injections. This test is done in hospital, and consists of injections of insulin followed by close monitoring of the blood glucose values.
A diabetic cat in otherwise good health may be treated sucessfully using an oral hypoglycemic medication.
Careful monitoring of glucose and insulin levels. An overdose of insulin can create hypoclycemia, a potentially fatal condition. Symptoms are lethargy, weakness, followed by incoordination, convulsions, and coma. This condition can be counteracted by giving the cat its normal food if it is able to eat, or a bit of Karo syrup rubbed on the gums, followed, of course, by a trip to the veterinarian.
Hepatic Lipidosis- Fatty Liver Disease
Hepatic lipidosis develops when a cat suddenly quits eating, or loses weight too rapidly. Large quantities of fat cells mobilize in the liver, which is unable to utilize them. Fatty liver disease can also occur along with diabetes. The exact cause of fatty liver is not yet known, and it can only be diagnosed through a liver biopsy. Some veterinarians claim that hepatic lipidosis can be fatal within 24 to 48 hours, left untreated but the good news is that hepatic lipidosis can be reversed and the liver regenerated.
Although Fatty Liver Disease is not limited to senior cats, it is prevalent in them for a couple of reasons:
Older cats sometimes tend to overweight, and when put "on a diet," lose weight too quickly.
For various other reasons, senior cats often develop anorexia, and the resultant rapid weight loss causes fatty liver disease.
Anorexia (loss of appetite)
Rapid weight loss
Jaundice (yellowing of eyes and skin)
Swelling of the abdomen
Treatment and Management:
This is accomplished by placing a feeding tube into the cat's stomach. Your veterinarian will then prescribe a diet to be fed through the tube. This diet may consist of a high quality canned food mixed with water, Nutrical, electrolytes, or other nutritional supplements. The important thing is to get weight back on the cat. Generally, cats that are force-fed will eventually gain back their appetites and start eating on their own. This may take from two to six weeks, depending on the cat.
Source From :- About.com